Site User's Guide


While this site is oriented towards the dedicated CWT collector, casual browsers may enjoy looking through the pictures of the different topic subjects and may find their curiosity aroused. I am amazed by the quantity of designs created by more than forty die sinkers throughout the Northern States, and that the entire phenomenon lasted just a few years. Be sure to click the Type Set name above the Intro in each photo album to get additional background information on the Type Set topic, and also to see more pictures of other non-CWT tokens. Coin collectors should find the Grading section interesting as it shows how planchet, die and striking issues present challenges to CWT collectors in obtaining quality examples.

For the dedicated CWT collector and new recruits, this site provides a variety of materials to help you decide what to include in your collection. Each of the eighty-two Type Sets has:

  1.     A photo album showing all Type Set Members (TSM) at the same time,

  2.     Two-level TSM identification numbers for easy reference,

  3.     The ability to see each TSM close-up on a detail page to better appreciate its design,

  4.     The ability to download TSM photos in high resolution (1280x1280 pixels) for detailed study,

  5.     A Die Table enumerating the Fuld dies and associated varieties that comprise each TSM,

  6.     The Die Table also provides notes on die deterioration, variety rarity, and collector demand,

  7.     A Prices Realized Table with prices realized at auction for each TSM from 2007-2010,

  8.     A background section providing historical insights and references to other literature,

  9.     A Type Set expansion section providing photos of related tokens from other series.

There are also a number of support sections that are described next under the Navigational Menu.

Permission is hereby given to all to download, use, and enjoy all of these materials for your personal, educational, and not-for-profit purposes. I ask that you give credit when and where credit is due. There are many pictures which I do not own but have obtained via the Internet. I credit the sources for these pictures, please do likewise.


Type Set Indices

The sample page below is one of the three Index Pages, one each for Patriotics, Storecards and what I refer to as Cent Facsimiles.

The Navigation Menu

The Navigational Menu appears at the top of every page.

Home - the page where you enter the site. From the home page you can access any of the Type Sets directly by clicking its link.

User’s Guide - this is section you are in now, which describes how to use the materials provided by this site and covers the conventions I use in presenting information.

Method - presents the rationale and mechanics behind the selection and grouping methodology.

Grading - covers in detail additional factors involved (besides the amount of wear) in selecting a great type token. There are many photographs illustrating issues associated with planchet condition, die condition and striking characteristics.

Glossary - provides definitions and background information for the terms used by this site.

References - lists the necessary essential references for a CWT collector as well as many helpful ones.

Fuld Die Index - if you have a Fuld die number you are interested in knowing more about, this section will link you to the Type Set(s) which include that die. For the Fuld Dies that are not included in any Type Set, an explanation is provided together with a listing of the die marriages with that die such as is contained in the Die Table for each Type Set.

Patriotics - An index page to all of the patriotic type sets. You can quick scan the contents of each patriotic type set.

Storecards - An index page to all of the storecard type sets.

Cent Facsimiles - An index page to all of the cent facsimile type sets.

Die Sinkers - Background information on each Civil War Token die-sinker and engraver.

Blog - Information about what portions of the site have been recently updated.

About Me - a short look at my numismatic journey and how it has led to creating this web site

Thanks - Acknowledgement of the people who have influenced me and helped make this possible.

Sample Index Page

Sample Album Page

These index pages can be reached from the home page by clicking their titles in the text, or from any page on the site by clicking their name in the navigation bar at the top of the page. Under each of the album icons is the Type Set ID and Name as well as the number of photos in each album which is the same thing as the number of Type Set Members (TSM) in the Type Set. Moving the cursor across the album icon displays thumbnail images of each TSM. Clicking an album icon opens that Type Set to the album page shown below.

Type Set Photo Albums

Besides navigating through the index pages, the Type Set photo albums can be reached directly by clicking their name on the Home Page where they are listed in alphabetical order. Once you open an album you’ll see the sample page below. Each of the TSM can be seen side by side with their Type ID, Type Name, Type Rarity, and the die numbers and names that make up the TSM. Besides the familiar Fuld die numbers, you’ll see die names such as MI225I, which corresponds to the obverse die for token MI 225I-1a pictured in the text in SC75. For a complete description of these names see the Die Naming Nomenclature page.

All of the pictures are the same size, regardless of the size of the token. This compromise was necessitated by my using the photo album feature of Apple’s iWeb software to create this site (as opposed to having to learn HTML and doing the site from scratch!) The majority of CWT are 18.5 - 20.5 mm in diameter, in my collection nearly 85% are of this size, so for most of the photographs this distortion is not too severe. When a token is substantially larger than 20.5mm in diameter, I have noted its diameter just before its rarity.

You can click the middle button “Play Slideshow” to rotate through the pictures as a slide show or the one to it’s left “Back to Index” will take you back to the appropriate index page. Or you can click any of the buttons in the Navigational Menu as you can on any page.

Clicking any of the images will take you to the Close-Up Page where you can see close-ups of all of the TSM, one at a time. Clicking the “FE - Flying Eagle” title immediately above the decorative graphic will open up a new tab in your browser and take you to the Descriptions Page which contains background and detailed collecting information. Having it in a separate browser tab will allow you to easily switch back and forth between the pictures and text. Alternately, especially if you have a large screen, you can drag one of the tabs outside the window to change it from a tab in the current window into a new window. You can then position the two windows side by side to see both the photos and text at the same time. This is a standard feature of most, if not all, Internet browsers.

Sample Close-Up Page

(To continue, click link at lower right below).